Consultancy Services for Timber Value chain analysis (Plantation Forestry) and its potential contribution to national economies in Africa

Sollicitation de Manifestations d'Intérêt

Des informations générales

Côte d'Ivoire
   Mai 12, 2017
   Mai 25, 2017
   Acquisition internationale

Adresse de contact

   Maali Harrathi )
AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK Immeuble CCIA, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire African Natural Resources Center
Côte d'Ivoire
   +225 20 26 32 13
   Cliquez ici


Services de conseils environnementaux   Services agricoles, sylvicoles, horticoles, d'aquaculture et d'apiculture   Services d'analyses   Analyse des indicateurs environnementaux autres que pour la construction  

Texte original

1. Introduction
The African Development Bank Group places a renewed emphasis on Natural Resources Management (NRM) as a transformational platform, emphasizing the role of natural resources in widening access to resources, promoting inclusive growth and transition to green growth. In order to respond to the challenges facing sustainable management and use of Africa’s natural resources the AfDB has created the African Natural Resources Center (ANRC) for the provision of technical assistance, advisory services, knowledge and advocacy initiatives in renewable and non-renewable resources to Regional Member Countries (RMCs). Through analysis of sector value chains and knowledge building on downstream policy trade-offs, the Center will assist RMCs strike the right balance between maximizing revenue from natural resource projects and integrating them into national economies hence contributing to the Bank’s renewed drive towards industrialization.

2. Background

In addition to export earnings, many countries in Africa aspire to derive greater economic value from raw materials. One of the most obvious means to achieve this is through downstream processing. By taking advantage of availability of the raw materials, countries can leverage nature’s assets and potentially play to their comparative economic advantage. However, resource endowment alone is inadequate to afford countries sufficient justification to process materials without the risk of eroding economic value. The prevailing national economic conditions, international trade environment and their negative and/or positive impact upon the country’s ability to successfully leverage the comparative advantage are major considerations. For instance, there are significant entry barriers to downstream processing for both private firms and governments. This implies that rather than focus only on either the inputs (entry barriers) and outputs (economic benefits) of downstream processing, policymakers should evaluate both to strike the right balance and make informed policy choices. In doing so just as investors need to consider potential regulatory barriers to entry, countries should consider industry specific barriers. Some resources require significant investment to undertake downstream processing but the returns may not match the investment. Assessing these as well as related risks and rewards ensures that the expected deliverables are aligned to expectations. Based on this it becomes clear that the call for downstream processing needs greater understanding of these and other considerations.
In view of this, a value chain analysis is a useful tool to avail options and permit assessment of policy trade-offs. An ideal starting point is to rigorously analyze value chains for different resources to determine the type, inputs and scale of economic benefits feasible from downstream activities. To ensure that the information derived from the analysis is useful for decision-making, the analysis should adopt a practical approach by assessing pre-determined economic benefits from selected resources instead of adopting a generic analysis. This is the ANRC approach which seeks the services of international consultants to conduct an analysis of the value chains for the five types of natural resources with high potential for value addition through downstream processing.
From the Bank’s perspective, the analysis serves an internal and an external purpose. Internally the analysis will add to the level of knowledge in the operations departments as well as in the private sector department, especially as relates to the extractives. The knowledge will strengthen capacity to develop sector strategies and contribute to the Bank’s pipeline of public and private sector loans while mitigating investment risk. In the short term, the studies will be part of the Center’s contribution to the Bank’s “enabling environment” work streams for the ‘industrialize, Feed and Integrate Africa’ strategies.
Externally the study is intended to empower policymakers make informed decisions through enhanced knowledge. Focus will be on enabling RMCs to design industrial development policies and downstream processing decisions based on an analysis of policy trade-off and an understanding of public investments, benefits, risks and rewards.

3. Purpose and desired outcomes
The ANRC’s aim is to provide policymakers with an understanding of the entry barriers, benefits and types of public investments necessary to pave the way for successful downstream processing in the timber industry.
Focus will be on evaluating the varying capacity of the Timber sector to generate employment, contribute to public income (fiscal and non-fiscal revenues), support infrastructure development and create domestic linkages at the various stages in the value chain.
The study will review at the most general level, the potential sources of (contributors to) the timber sector value creation, including exogenous context and conditions, contribution of industry players, sectoral organization, policy and institutional environment as well as market conditions. The study will in particular identify and document typical entry barriers for investments.
The main questions to be addressed in analyzing the timber value chain will specifically be;

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